Critical positions that Shanghai Security Company shall pay attention to refer to units and positions that have significant effects and influence on national security, national economy, people’s livelihood and overall production and business. They feature important position, strong confidentiality and great influence.
Major measures for critical position defense shall be as follows: relying on employees and masses to finish “four kinds of prevention”, establishing and perfecting security guard responsibility system; knowing and mastering personnel information in critical positions; laying down necessary guard defense measures; closely integrating necessary technical prevention facilities with security work centered around people; carrying out regular and irregular security check.
Public security disaster accidents refer to events that cause casualties and economic loss in breach of the public security administration law, relevant administrative laws and regulations and by-laws deliberately or negligently. Public security disaster accidents are divided into liability accident and malicious accident as per the nature of event and into ordinary accident, major accident and extra serious accident as per the extent and influence of social harms.
Main causes to public security disaster accidents are as follows: carelessness and ignorance of security guard; unsound management system and inefficient execution of systems; failure to practice security measures and loophole in management; negligence of check and failure to carefully and timely rectify and block hidden danger and loophole upon discovery; non-compliance to laws and by-laws; ineffective investigation and treatment, and so on.
Prevention for liability accidents due to human factors shall be dealt with from increasing awareness of accidents in accordance with following principles:
I. Accidents shall be prevented before they emerge without fluke mind. Positive methods and measures shall be taken to timely discover accident threat and loophole and effectively eliminate all insecure factors. Accidents shall be wiped out in bud.
II. Causes of accident must be eradicated by focusing on secondary reasons. Causes of accident are multi-layered including direct cause, indirect cause and basic cause. A cause may lead to another across layers. For instance, basic cause, if it cannot be eliminated in accident prevention, may transform into indirect one, then into a direct one. Attention shall be paid to analyze indirect and basic cause of accident via the direct cause of accident. Emphasis for accident prevention shall be put on eliminating indirect and basic cause of accident.
III. It is a complicated systematic project to select principles to prevent accidents. Measures shall be taken at every link via systematic methods, making prevention comprehensive and integral.